Varicose veins is a condition that occurs when the veins aren’t functioning properly. Many people use varicose veins and spider veins interchangeably, but the two aren’t the same. Spider veins are usually smaller, flat and red or purple. Varicose veins on the other hand are large and tend to bulge out.
Causes of Varicose Veins
There are many factors that can trigger the condition. These factors include:
Pregnancy: when you are pregnant you tend to add weight which puts a lot of pressure on your legs.
Standing for long hours: again standing for a long time puts a lot of pressure on your legs thus provoking the condition.
Obesity: this goes without saying-it adds weight to your body thus increasing pressure on your legs.
Congenital issue: you can be born with a congenital issue where your heart valves have problems.
There are many symptoms of the condition. These symptoms include: visible misshapen veins, swelling, leg aches and heaviness. In some cases you might have ulcers, discoloration, and swelling.
How to Diagnose the Condition
For the condition to be diagnosed you need to visit your doctor. The doctor will examine your legs and veins while you are either standing or sitting. The doctor will also do ultrasound to check your blood flow. Ultrasound is a non-invasive test that makes use of high-frequency sound waves. Through the test the doctor is able to see how your blood is flowing within the veins.
To further asses your veins, the doctor may do an angiogram. Here the doctor will inject a dye into your legs and then take x-rays of the area. When an x-ray is taken the doctor will be able to view how your blood is flowing.
How to Treat the Condition
It’s very easy to treat the condition. One of the major things that you need to do is to make some lifestyle changes. For example, you should avoid standing for long periods of time. You also need to lose weight, exercise in order to improve leg strength, and avoid crossing your legs for extended periods of time.
It’s also wise that you eat right. As rule of thumb you should take foods that aid in strengthening the veins.
This is what you need to know about varicose veins. Remember that the symptoms tend to get worse as time moves on; therefore, you should always treat the condition as soon as you see the symptoms.